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Capital of Australia, Canberra.
Photo: Capital of Australia, Canberra.
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Visitors Info for Travelling to Australia

Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory, is where the seat of the Australian government resides. Sydney is the largest city in the country with a population over 4 million and is the capital of the state of New South Wales. Melbourne has been voted the number 1 place to live in the world for a number of years.

The State Capitals of Australia are as follows:

New South Wales: Sydney
Northern Territory: Darwin
South Australia: Adelaide
Queensland: Brisbane
Tasmania: Hobart
Victoria : Melbourne
Western Australia: Perth

Driving in Australia

Driving Info for Travellers in Australia


English is official language of Australia. Only a few words vary in pronunciation and usage throughout the country. The accent is called ’Aussie’.


Australia is very much a cosmopolitan country. All the major religions and many sects are represented here.

The Disability Information Resource.


  • A.C. electrical power is 220-240V at 50Hz. Plugs have 3 flat prongs that form a triangular Y shape configuration.

Metropolitan Banking Hours

  • 9 am to 4 pm Monday to Thursday.
  • 9 am to 5 pm Fridays.
  • Some have extended hours, including Saturday mornings.

Most Banks will exchange most foreign currencies, and foreign currency exchanges can be found at Sydney Airport and popular tourist spots such as Martin Place, CentrePoint, and Circular Quay.

Post Offices

  • Open 9 am to 5 pm Monday to Fridays, except public holidays (see below).

Daylight Savings (Summer Time)

Recent changes by state and territory governments have changed the length of time Daylight saving will run. They have been extended from the 1st Sunday in October to the 1st Sunday in April, beginning in the Australian summer of 2008. This includes New South Wales, ACT, Victoria and South Australia.

NSW Public Holidays - Most Australia Public Holidays Coincide

New Years Day2019 Tuesday 1st January
Australia Day2019 Monday, 28th January
Good Friday2019 Friday, 19th April
Easter Sunday2019 Sunday, 21st April
Easter Monday2019 Monday, 22nd April
Anzac Day2019 Thursday, 25th April
Queen’s Birthday2019 Monday, 10th June
NSW Labour Day2019 Monday, 7th October
Christmas Day2019 Wednesday, 25th December
Boxing Day2019 Thurssday, 26th December

* Additional, ** Not State Wide. Extensive information about Australia Public Holidays can be found here: Australia Public Holidays.

NSW School Vacation Days

    School Holidays Starts Finishes
  • Autumn Holidays 13 Apr 2019 (Sat) 29 Apr 2019 (Mon)
  • Winter Holidays 6 Jul 2019 (Sat) 22 Jul 2019 (Mon)
  • Spring Holidays 28 Sep 2019 (Sat) 13 Oct 2019 (Sun)
  • Summer Holidays 19 Dec 2019 (Thu) 28 Jan 2020 (Tue)

Note: Seasons are reversed in Australia from the Northern Hemisphere.

Other Australian states may vary somewhat from these dates. Public and Private Schools may also vary and some individual schools may also have their own time tables. More information about Australia Public Holidays and School Vacation Days can be found here:

Australia Public Holidays.

Wheelchair Access

For maps of city facilities with wheelchair access Sydney City Council.

Phone Directory Assistance

Australian White Pages -

Road Safety for Overseas Travellers.

Driving Safely in NSW - Road Rules..

Visa and Immigration Information

Visa and Immigration Information.

Tourist Refund Scheme

You can claim a refund of the goods and services tax (GST) and wine equalisation tax (WET) that you pay on goods you buy in Australia. This applies to goods you take with you as hand luggage or wear on to the aircraft or ship when you leave Australia.

Work in Australia - Jobs Information

Finding Sydney Jobs - Changes in government policy has made it easier to get work visas for the skilled and backpackers.

Australian Currency

  • Australia uses decimal currency - 100 cents = $1.00
  • Notes presently in use are $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 dollar bills.
  • Coins are 5¢, 10¢, 20¢, 50¢, $1.00 and $2.00.

See current exchange rate for the AUD Currency Exchange Rates.

Sydney Business Information

Police - Ambulance - Fire Emergency

Emergency Contact Number



Note: The Sydney travel information provided here is a guide only - call the relevant organisation(s) direct to ensure accuracy.

Beach Notes

Swim at beaches patrolled by lifesavers

NOTE: Swim at beaches with lifeguards. Swimming at Australian beaches involves Swimming Between The Flags!

Ask a lifeguard about the conditions for the day. Be considerate of them, they are there for you and your children!

We wish you a safe and enjoyable stay.

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  • Beach Safety Notes
  • Location of Sydney
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  • Getting to Bondi Beach

Sydney Tourist Information

Driving in Australia

Road Conditions

International Driving Licences

Australia Tourist Guide

More information about Australia - see the Australia Tourist Guide.


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Sydney Cove and the Opera House
Photo: Sydney Cove and the Opera House

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