More than 40,000 years ago, the Kaurna Aboriginal people settled the Adelaide Plains, calling it Tandanya, ‘place of the red kangaroo’.
In 1802, after a chance meeting with the French navigator Nicolas Baudin off the coast of south Australia, the early British explorer Matthew Flinders maps the entire South Australian coast in his ship, the Investigator.
Despite their respective countries being at war (again), both were more interested in each others respective scientific finds than anything else. The pair ended up swapping notes off the Fleurieu Peninsula coast. See Map of South Australia.
The City of Adelaide in South Australia was founded in 1836, being named after King William’s popular wife.
Unlike the other Australian states, Adelaide’s citizens were not taken from the many convicts originally sent by Britain to Australia, but were free settlers. While most immigrants in the 1800s came from Great Britain, others began to arrive from diverse places, including Germany, Poland, Afghanistan, China, Italy, Lebanon, Spain and Scandinavia. All have left their mark in Adelaide and South Australia.
Attracted by the potential to build their wealth in the copper industry, or in wool and wheat, there were also those seeking safety from the religious persecution that was still present in Europe at the time.
The city of Adelaide was purpose designed from the beginning in a grid formation by Colonel William Light, with wide, attractive streets, while being surrounded by the boulevards and green parklands. See Adelaide Map.
Colonel Light’s foresight in reserving the surrounding fresh water lagoons and good grasslands in Adelaide for a city, prompted him to finally choose this region as the State’s capital. Other places that had been considered at the time were Kangaroo Island, Yorke Peninsula and the Eyre Peninsula.
The first ships landed at Glenelg beach, southwest of today’s central business district and now a bustling seaside resort.
See Greater Adelaide Surrounds Map: Adelaide City Map, South Australia.
Thought about a working holiday in Australia, including Adelaide? - Work in Australia - Jobs.
South Australia hotels and other accommodation - Hotels in Australia.
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